Muscle Cars – car class, which existed in the United States in mid-1960 x until the mid-1970s.
Muscle car definition – it is a mid-size car, aimed at achieving maximum speed performance, equipped with a huge V8 engine type and sold at an affordable price.
Many of these models have been based on “conventional” i.e. production models. Themselves, these models are not generally considered muscle cars, even if they are in the standard had a big V8. If there was a powerful version, only it was entitled to the prefix “muscle”, and not the model itself. For example, we can take the Chevrolet Chevelle, which only version of the SS (Super Sport) might be called a muscle car in the sense in which it is usually identified. Most popular muscle car representatives – Dodge Charger and the Dodge Challenger is no exception: only R/T (Road & Track) versions of these cars considered as a muscle car.
Also often referred to muscle cars strictly certain modifications of the larger full-size and not large, compact models (pony-cars) of the same era. Similar models were produced before and after this period, but they don’t belong to muscle cars.
Golden era of muscle cars originated in the first half of 1960, when gasoline was very cheap, environmental regulations, if not completely absent, then in its infancy, there was almost no state regulation in the field of security traffic and vehicle economy.
Every year, cars became bigger and supplied with more and more powerful engines. If at the end of 1950 the maximum power installed on the full-length sedan has been around of 150-200 HP, by the end of the decade it was not uncommon and 300-400 HP. (For example, the HEMI engines 426, 440 Six Pack, ZL-1, L88), and these engines in serial manner were placed in a super sports car, and quite ordinary, even family cars.
To reduce the cost, manufacturers are not seldom put drum brakes, which adversely affect the safety, and the average fuel consumption can be compared with the truck.
Most sources considered Pontiac Tempest GTO 1964 as progenitor of muscle cars.
Originally, these cars are simply altered the factory method of the conventional cars. For example, Pontiac GTO in its first year of release was only one of complete sets in the model number Pontiac Tempest/GranPrix/Le Mans.
By the end of the 1960s, they found their own distinctive style. Cars of these years, now in the first place and called the muscle car. The hallmarks of their style had fastback body (two-door sedan or coupe with a very smooth roof slop) or fasttop (with extended back roof).
Sunset era maslkarov considered to be 1973-74, when was the fuel crisis in the United States, and the state strongly tightened emission standard and safety, for which it was impossible to compare these muscle cars.