Dodge takes the leading lines of the US production of cars, vans and SUVs sold Chrysler Group LLC in more than 60 different countries. Dodge was founded in 1900, as the company supplies spare parts and assemblies for the automotive industry. In 1928, the brand was sold to Chrysler LLC. Currently, Chrysler LLC is part of the Fiat-Chrysler Group.
Here is the brief review of all Dodge Charger generations
Dodge Charger history
Dodge Charger – this iconic American muscle car produced by Dodge division of the Chrysler Corporation the Dodge. There were 5 generations of the car. The first two generations of Charger become true American classic.
Classic Dodge Charger
1966-1967 model year
January 1, 1966 at the annual Rose Bowl Game audience was first shown «Dodge Charger» – the new flagship of Dodge car company. The main designer of the project was Carl Cameron. Sales began in mid-1966.
In 1966, the feature of Charger becomes «electric shaver» grille – used completely hiding lights that are not used by Chrysler since 1942 (on some models of DeSoto division) – when the lights are open or closed grille looks solid piece.
Inside, Dodge Charger has four stand alone anatomical seats, long console from front to rear. Rear seats and part of the console can be folded forwards and the boot partition allows you to place luggage inside the cabin. Many elements have been exclusive – door panels, dashboard lights, and others.
All engine range have a choice of V8. Six-cylinder engines were not offered until 1968. In 1966, four engine choices were offered: the base 318 CID (5.2 l), 361 CID (5.9 L), 383 CID (6.3 L). The most popular was the 383 with 325 HP (242 kW ). Hemi 426 (7.0 l) was also available.
In late 1966 dealer installed optional spoiler on the trunk lid (because of the rules of participation in NASCAR). In 1966, the Dodge Charger was the first production car in the US equipped with a spoiler.
Total production of Dodge Charger was 37344 units in 1966.
Despite the fact that the beginning of the sales were in the middle of the 1966 Dodge Charger debut was very successful. In 1967, there have been some changes to the exterior, as well as vinyl roof became available. The cabin was gone the full length console (due to customer complaints on the get in and out of the vehicle for the rear seats passengers). Separate bucket seats are standard, and a folding armrest is an option that allows 3 persons sit in front.
In 1967 was offered a choice of five engines: it is already familiar 318 CID (5.2 liters), 383 (6.3 liters) with a two-chamber and four-chamber carburetor system, 426 Hemi and a brand new 440 Magnum producing 375 HP (276 kW).
Despite the success in NASCAR in 1966, sales in 1967 were reduced by half. In 1967, it sold only 15788 Dodge Chargers – Dodge faced with competition from the Ford Mustang and Chevrolet Camaro.
1968-1970 model year
In 1968, Dodge had planned restyling of the entire line of models and decided it was time to divide the model Dodge Coronet and Dodge Charger even more. The style of the new Dodge Charger, designed by designer Richard Sias, later to be named Coke bottle styling, as the body resembles the profile curves of the bottle of Coca-Cola.
Charger retained its original grille with hidden headlights, but fully rotating electric headlights were replaced with simple turning on the vacuum actuator as on Chevy Camaro RS. The interior has remained almost unchanged, tachometer become standard equipment option, the coating in the trunk replaced with vinyl mat.
In order to further enhance the muscle car image there were new options package has been added under the name of the R/T, which means Road/Track. Index R/T raised only on muscle cars – Dodge Charger R/T was available only with the 440 Magnum engine (standard for R/T) or 426 Hemi (optional). At sufficiently heavily loaded rear axle and a large width of the rear tires Dodge Charger with 440 Magnum managed to raise the front wheels when starting “with two pedals”.
In 1968, Chrysler Corporation launched a new advertising campaign with the image of a bee with an engine on the back. These cars were called «Scat Pack». Coronet R/T, Dodge Super Bee, Dart GTS and Charger R/T received the “bumblebee stripes” (two thin strips framed by two thick lines). They can be removed without any cost. These changes proved to be very popular among the customers and helped to sell in 1968 96,100 Dodge Chargers, including more than 17,000 Dodge Charger R/T.
In 1969, the Dodge Charger has been somewhat modified. Exterior changes include a new grille with a split in the center and the new rear lights by designer Harvey J. Winn. New trim line called Special Edition (SE) has been added. It can be ordered separately or together with the package R/T, resulting in the package obtained R/T-SE. The SE package added leather inserts on front seats, chrome moldings, and wood inserts on the dashboard. In the list of options had been added a sunroof, but it was a very rare option – about 260 cars sold. Total production amounted to about 89,199 units in 1969.
In 1969, Dodge also released two very rare modifications: Dodge Charger 500 and Dodge Charger Daytona.
In 1970, the Dodge Charger again underwent minor changes. Big chrome bumper was Implemented, radiator grille again divided in the middle. The rear lights were old, but Dodge Charger 500 and Dodge Charger R/T modifications received a new, more attractive tail lights. Interior changes include new high seat backs, door panels have also been revised.
A new version of the engine – 440 Six Pack. Three two-chamber carburettors and 390 hp (291 kW), it was one of the most exotic powerplants in the early 1960s. Six Pack was by then known – it was used in the middle of 1969 at the Dodge Super Bee and Hemi engines were superior. Despite this new engine, sales fell again to 46,576 units, but this was due to the release of Dodge Challenger and high insurance rates. The NASCAR season brought more victories for 1970 Dodge Charger (10 wins), than any other car, including the Daytona Special Dodge Charger and Plymouth Superbirds.
1971-1974 model year
In 1971, the new Dodge Charger debuted the third generation. He was subjected to a complete restyling – a new split grille and more rounded body shape. Hidden headlights became optional, there were some items appeared in the list of options including rear spoiler and Ramcharger hood – a special air intake directly over the air filter. This device has already been used on Plymouth Roadrunner, Dodge Coronet R/T and Dodge Super Bee, but it was first time used on the Dodge Charger.
As the second generation produced Dodge Charger 500, Dodge Charger R/T and Dodge Charger SE modifications. Dodge Charger R/T Version has lost its popularity due to higher insurance costs. Only 63 cars in 1971 were equipped with Hemi engine, compared with 2,659 cars equipped with other engines. Rapidly rising insurance rates, combined with higher prices for gasoline have reduced sales in muscle car class cars and 1971 was the last year sales of cars with Hemi 426 engine. In 1971, sales of high-performance 440 Six-Pack engines were also stopped (although some sources claim that this engine produced until 1972).
In 1972, the R/T version has been replaced by a new Dodge Charger Rallye. It can be distinguished from other Dodge Charger 1972 model year by unique design of the roof and hidden headlights.
In addition, since 1972, on all engines the compression ratio has been lowered, allowing use of cheaper regular gasoline, instead of premium.
In 1973, Dodge Charger received new taillights and grille. Rotary hiding lights are no longer installed, even as an option. The standard engine continued to be the Chrysler LA 318 V8, in the Rallye version – Chrysler LA 340 V8, as an option there were only Chrysler 400 V8 and Chrysler 440 V8. A distinctive feature of Dodge Charger SE of 1973 was a new roof in the vinyl style of and three small little opera windows. Dodge Charger sales in 1973 reached 108,000 units, which is the highest index for all years of the release of the third-generation Dodge Charger.
Minor changes in 1974: added new colors, increase the size of the rubber bumpers (caused by a change of Federal Regulations). The biggest news for 1974 model year is that the engine Chrysler 340 V8 was replaced by Chrysler 360 V8 with four-chamber carburetor. Gradually Dodge Charger, which was performance car moved into the category of personal luxury car. Era of muscle cars ended.
Old Dodge Charger
1975-1978 model year
Since 1975 Dodge Charger used the Chrysler Cordoba platform. Dodge Charger SE (Special Edition) was the only model offered. He was issued with a variety of engines, ranging from 318 Chrysler LA V8 (5,2 liters) to the Chrysler B 400 V8 (6,6 liters).
The standard engine was the Chrysler LA 360 V8 (5,9 liters). Sales in 1975 amounted to 30812. Due to the extremely angular shape of the body, NASCAR teams have been forced to use body models from previous years (the 1974 standard).
In 1976, the model range has been expanded to four models – base, Charger Sport, Charger SE and Charger Daytona. Sales have gone up – 65900 cars in 1976.
In 1977, the base model and Charger Sport were removed from production. Sales fell to 36204 pcs.
Only about 2800 Dodge Charger was manufactured in 1978 (probably due to the remaining stock of 1977), after which it was replaced by the Dodge Magnum.
Modern Dodge Charger
2006-2010 model year
In February 2005, there was the return of the iconic Dodge Charger car on the LX platform. The car was created to continue the line of Dodge Charger, as well as to replace the Dodge Intrepid. Dodge Charger LX is a full-size four-door sedan. It shares a platform with the Chrysler 300, Dodge Challenger (third generation), Dodge Magnum.
On the LX platform Charger models released in the following modifications: SE, SXT, R/T, Daytona R/T and SRT-8.
2011 model year-today
Since 2011 Charger gets updated bonnet locks, new taillights and instrument panel. Engines slightly increases in power: the case for the SE standard unit have the V6 3.6 liter with power of 292 HP (215 kW) at 6350 rpm, and the R/T 5,7 liter Hemi modify up to 370 HP (270 kW) at 5250 rpm. And in 2012 it is planned to equip the SRT-8 with 6.4 liter Hemi engine capacity of over 465 HP.
The updated 2015 Dodge Charger has changed both externally and internally, though retained the charm, the strength and power that is felt at the mere sight of his. Sporty interior is sheathed with high-end Nappa leather, as usual DIN-compartment with radio long ago replaced the 8.4-inch touch screen Media Center (for low trim models, such as the SE screen of media center is only 4.3″).
Aerodynamic exterior of muscle car perfectly combines style and its historical outrageous. The rear lights, has fashionable LED.
Standard V6 engine has 292 HP (214 kW). For the first time it can be argued about fuel economy, similar to the average European sedan.
Dodge Charger specs
Manufacturer: Chrysler Group LLC
Production: 1966-1978 / 2006-2010 / 2011-today
Class: Muscle Car
Body type: 2-door coupe (until 1978), 4-door sedan (from 2006)
Designers: Carl Cameron, Richard Sias
Carburetor, Injection, 4-stroke
318 CID (5.2 L) V8 172 kW, 230 hp (1966-78)
361 CID (5.9 L) V8 (1966-70)
383 CID (6.3 L) V8 242 kW; 325 hp (1966-70)
426 Hemi (7,0 liter) V8 up to 450 kW; 620 hp (1966-74)
440 Magnum (7,2 liters) V8 280 kW; 375 hp (1967-74)
225 CID (3.7 L) I6 (1968-70)
440 Magnum Six Pack (7,2 liter) V8 287 kW; 390 hp (1968-70)
340 CID (5.6 L) V8 202 kW, 275 hp (1971-74)
400 CID (6.6 L) V8 (1971-78)
360 CID (5.9 L) V8 (1975-78)
167 CID (2.7 L) V6 133 kW, 178 hp (2006-10)
215 CID (3.5 L) V6 186 kW, 250 hp (2006-10)
348 Hemi (5,7 liter) V8 up to 274 kW, 370 hp (2006-today),
372 Hemi (6,1 liter) V8 317 kW, 425 hp (2006-10)
220 CID (3.6 L) V6 215 kW, 292 hp (2011-today)
391 Hemi (6,4 liter) V8 342 kW, 465 hp (2012)
3-speed automatic transmission
5-speed automatic transmission